By Jill Dunn
According to Dr. Lisa Kellett, cosmetic dermatologist with SpaMedica in Toronto, pore maintenance is an important part of skin care. “The main determinants of pore size are skin type and genetics,” says Kellett. Age, smoking and sun damage all have an effect on pores too because they break down the collagen and elastin that support them. “When this structure is weakened, pores appear larger.”
Cleansing: Kellett recommends using an exfoliating cleanser that is gentle enough to use every day. “This is the most effective way to remove oil and dirt that clog pores.” And, as you age, skin cells don’t turn over as readily, so daily exfoliation prevents the skin from appearing dull. Antoinette Ritondo, national training manager for Lancôme, advises massaging the cleanser on your face until skin is peachy – not red.
Toning: “Toners act as the rinse cycle in your skincare routine,” explains Ritondo. If skin is sensitive, try a rehyd rating toner, such as Lancôme Tonique Confort. If skin is oily, try Bioré Triple Action Astringent, which contains salicylic acid, a blemish-fighting ingredient.
Treatment: Treatment masks remove oil and dirt buildup from pores. Kellett suggests trying one with vitamin A and salicylic acid once a week. “Vitamin A regenerates collagen, which plumps the skin and makes pores less visible. Salicylic acid sloughs off dead skin and improves the appearance of the skin’s texture.”
Pore Patrol: “Pore minimizing creams and pore cleansing strips [such as Bioré Deep Cleansing Pore Strips] might work, but results are temporary,” explains Kellett. As for makeup, choose noncomedogenic and oil free products, such as Clinique Pore-Minimizer Makeup. To get a close-up assessment of pores, Ritondo recommends Lancôme’s new Diagnôs system (at downtown locations of the Bay in Montreal, Toronto, and Vancouver), which assesses each client’s needs and prescribes a skin care regime tailored to those needs.
True-false with Dr. Kellett
· Oily skin has more visible pores than dry skin. True – Overactive oil glands produce more sebum, making pores seem larger.
· Pore size affects the overall appearance of one’s skin. True – If pores are visible, skin texture can look uneven.
· Seasonal changes affect pores. True – Heat stimulates oil glands, so pores often look bigger in the summer.
· Toners act as a shield from impurities. False – Pores are open and nothing “block” impurities.
· Retin-A and vitamin A acid are effective topical treatments for clogged pores. True – Vitamin A acid helps keep pores clear.